Sweeteners are very present in the food industry and in many low-fat products and have adverse health effects. Researchers who had already demonstrated the link between their consumption and cancer risk conducted a new study on cardiovascular disease risk.
“Scientists found that total consumption of sweeteners was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, particularly cerebrovascular disease.”, this is one of the observations of scientists who have just conducted a study on the subject. They analyzed the health data of 103,388 adults participating in the French NutriNet-Santé cohort study for their overall consumption of this type of food additive.
Sweeteners reduce the added sugar content and associated calories while maintaining the sweet taste of the products. Many foods and beverages (light sodas, yogurt, sweets, etc.) that contain sweeteners are consumed by millions of people every day, Inserm reminds us. Its effect on health is debated and many studies are regularly conducted as it is a public health issue.
More than 100,000 people took part in the study
The World Health Organization recommends limiting free sugar consumption to less than 10% of daily energy intake, forcing the food industry to resort to artificial sweeteners to ensure food tastes sweet while reducing added sugar content and corresponding calories . Sweeteners, also found in many foods that are not a priori sweet… Aspartame is one of the best known, but there are many with a much higher sweetening power than sugar.
A previous study had therefore highlighted the link between their consumption and cancer risk. “Scientists found that people who consumed most sweeteners, particularly aspartame and acesulfame-K, had a higher risk of developing cancer, all cancers combined, compared to non-users.”, she concluded. With higher risks of breast cancer and cancer-related obesity.
Sugar very present in the food industry
Based on the same methodology, this new large-scale study was conducted to measure cardiovascular disease risk by considering many factors of people’s lifestyle over a 12-year period. ” This large-scale study, consistent with several other epidemiological studies on sweetened beverages, suggests that sweeteners, food additives used in many foods and beverages, may represent an increased risk factor for cardiovascular disease. ‘ explains Charlotte Debras, PhD student and first author of the study. Further research will be needed to confirm these results.
The team brought together researchers from Inserm, INRAE, Cnam, Sorbonne Paris Nord University and Paris Cité University within the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN). The results of these statistical analyzes published in the British Medical Journal this Thursday, September 8th, suggest a link between the general consumption of sweeteners and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.